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The testing for polycystic kidney disease

  The testing for polycystic kidney disease

  

  1. Routine urine test

  There was no abnormality in early stage, and there was microscopic hematuria in middle and late stage. When the patients companied with stones and infection, there will be the appearance of white blood cells and pus cells.

  2. Urine osmotic pressure determination

  In the early stage of the disease, Renal concentration function can be damaged by only a few cysts. It suggests that the change is not completely related to the destruction of the renal structure, which may be related to the renal response to diuretic hormone. The decline of renal function was decreased before the glomerular filtration rate.

  3. Serum creatinine level

  The level of serum creatinine increased with the loss of the compensatory ability of the kidney. And creatinine clearance was a more sensitive indicator.

  4. KUB flat sheet

  It shows the increase in renal shadow and irregular shape.

  5. IVP

  It shows signs of compression of renal pelvis and renal calyx, the renal pelvis and the kidney calices have a strange shape and is like a spider. The kidney calices is flat and wide. The kidney neck is elongated and thin, which often curved.

  6. Type-B ultrasonic

  It displays double kidneys have a large number of dark area.

  7. CT

  It bilateral double kidney enlarged and in a lobulated shape. There are most thin-walled cysts filled with liquid.

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