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What is polycystic kidney disease and symptoms

  What is polycystic kidney disease and symptoms



  Polycystic kidney disease is a hereditary kidney disorder, which accounts for about 5%---10% in the renal dysfunction at final stage. As the age increases, the cyst gradually increases. The first symptoms are: low back pain, high blood pressure and kidney abnormal results of B Ultrasound. If not in time to control, renal cysts continue to increase, which presses the surrounding renal function and causes its damage, and thus start the process of renal fibrosis. Early performance of urine testing is proteins and blood cells appearing in urine; If the process of renal fibrosis has not been effectively stopped, there will be a rise in serum creatinine or decreased glomerular filtration rate, and ultimately develop into end-stage renal failure.

  1. Renal inadequacy:

  Sooner or later, the disease will occur renal insufficiency, the individual cases of renal failure occurs in the adolescent period. In general, the cases of renal function decreasing is very little before 40 years old, about 50 percent patients still maintained renal function at 70 years old, but the development of hypertension to renal failure process is greatly reduced, there are individual patients at 80 years old can still maintain renal function more or less.

  2. Pain on renal region:



  This pain is one of symptoms of polycystic kidney disease, often performed as the low back pressure or dull pain, and always with sharp pain or abdominal pain sometimes. The pain can be increased due to physical activity, walking for long time, sedentary and so on, and can be reduced after lying in bed. Renal hemorrhage, calculi move or infection always cause sudden pain.

  3. Hematuresis:

  About half of the patients had microscopic hematuria or paroxysmal hematuria , which was caused by the rupture of the wall of the cyst wall. When bleeding for a long time, blood clots can cause colic through the ureter. Hematuria is often accompanied by white blood cells and proteinuria, urinary protein amount is less, generally not more than 1.0g/d. When there is infection in kidneys, Pyuria obviously, hematuria increased, back pain and fever appear, which is the symptom of polycystic kidney disease.

  4. Swelling:

  The progress of both sides of renal lesions asymmetry, the sizes are different. To the late stage, two kidneys can be accounted for the entire abdominal. The surface of the kidneys has a lot of renal cysts, making the kidney shaped irregular, uneven, hard texture, which is one of the symptoms of polycystic kidney.


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