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How to prevent nephrotic syndrome?

  How to prevent nephrotic syndrome?

  The incidence and prognosis of nephrotic syndrome relate to a variety of factors. In the prevention of this disease, one needs to improve the immunity, avoid the exposure to the toxic substances, harmful drugs and chemicals. At the same time, strengthen the physique and keep a balanced diet are also important to the prevention of the damage on body. And patients should also prevent infection and other diseases affectivily.

  The restriction of the intake of protein can delay the development of chronic renal impairment. Therefore, the quality protein diet is claimed nowadays, for which the intake from 0.7 to 1.0 grams per kilogram of weight per day is appropriate. During the suffering of nephropathy, a large amount of proteinuria is lost and then the body is in a low-protein state. In the late 1980s, the high-protein diet (1.2-1.5 g / kg.d) was advocated and used to relieve hypoalbuminemia and a series of complications caused by it. However, both animal experiments and the observation of human kidney disease proved that high-protein diet, which although increased albumin synthesized by liver, also increased the excretion of urinary protein, is helpless to relieve the hypoproteinemia. In contrary, it caused the hyperperfusion, high-pressure and high filtration of the glomerular, accelerated the non-inflammatory sclerosis of glomerular.

  Patients of nephrotic syndrome often have the symptoms of gastrointestinal mucosal edema and ascites, which affected the digestion and absorption. They are easy to digest the insipid and semi-liquid food.

  Almost all patients with nephrotic syndrome have hyperlipidemia. In their diet, the animal tallow is limited, but polyunsaturated fatty acids (such as fish oil) and vegetable oil (such as soybean oil, rapeseed oil, sesame oil) should be rich. The intake of sodium salt for patients of demonstrated edema should be limited to less than 3 grams per day as an appropriate supplementary to the microelements.


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