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Renal failure examination

  1. Blood routine examination

  Significant anemia, normal cell anemia, white blood cell count normal or increased. Platelet reduction, cell settlement rate.

  2. Urine routine examination

  With the original disease varies. The common points are:

  (1) urine osmolality decreased low proportion, more than 1.018 in the following, fixed in between 1.010 ~ 1.012 serious, for urine concentration dilution test when nocturia is greater than the amount of urine, the urine specific gravity of more than 1.020, the highest and lowest Of the urine specific gravity is less than 0.008.

  (2) decreased urine output more than 1000 ml per day in the following.

  (3) quantitative increase in urinary protein due to the vast majority of glomerular damage has been, but decreased urinary protein.

  (4) urinary sediment examination can vary the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, epithelial cells and granular tube, wax-like tube type of the most meaningful.

  3. renal function tests

  The indicators suggest renal dysfunction.

  4. Blood biochemical examination

  Plasma albumin decreased, low serum calcium, phosphorus increased, serum potassium and serum sodium with the disease may be.

  5. Other inspections

  X-ray lithography and angiography, isotope renography, kidney scan, renal biopsy, etc., for the diagnosis of the cause of help.

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